The Moshi Co-operative University (MoCU) was officially established on 4th September 2014 following the elevation of the then Moshi University College of Co-operative and Business Studies (MUCCoBS) into a full-fledged University. The history of the MoCU dates back to 5th January 1963 when the Co-operative College Moshi started its operations catering to the training of manpower in the co-operative sector under the then Ministry of Co-operatives and Community Development. In 2004, the Co-operative College Moshi was transformed into Moshi University College of Co-operative and Business Studies (MUCCoBS) as the Constituent College of Sokoine University of Agriculture.
MoCU is located in the Moshi Municipality in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania along Sokoine Road. Currently, the University is organised into faculties, directorates, bureau and Institutes.